Data Stories: Taking Stock: Central and Eastern European Defense Spending and Current Inventories

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By Allison Gibbs, Analysis Manager

Since Russia’s invasion of Eastern Ukraine and its annexation of Crimea in 2014, Russia has continued its aggressive posturing in the region. In response, countries across Europe have reassessed their defense spending and begun to prioritize military modernization programs (NATO Defense Spending). Especially in Central and Eastern Europe (CEE)[1], countries are rapidly increasing their military spending and focusing on updating and replacing rapidly aging equipment. As they do, the composition of their inventories is shifting from largely ex-Soviet equipment to majority Western equipment. The charts below trace this evolution, looking at the composition of CEE countries’ current inventory by each platform’s region of origin[2], the market share of each region of origin from 2018-2023 as CEE modernization programs get under way, and near-term opportunities that remain in each of the CEE countries.

[1] For this analysis, the CEE region covers nine countries: Bulgaria, the Czech Republic, Estonia, Hungary, Latvia, Lithuania, Poland, Romania and Slovakia.

[2] Platforms based on Russian license but built by local suppliers in CEE countries are considered CEE origin platforms.

For more information on Central and Eastern Europe Defence Spending Trends, see Dominik Kimla’s latest white paper, MSPO Preview: Central and Eastern Europe Defence Spending Trends.

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